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Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Frontiers | Sequestering CO2 by Mineralization into Useful Nesquehonite-Based Products | Carbon Capture, Storage, and Utilization

Frontiers | Sequestering CO2 by Mineralization into Useful Nesquehonite-Based Products | Carbon Capture, Storage, and Utilization:

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LINK to Shale Debate, UK and Shale Gas Debate-UK widget added to my pages_ NB. CO2 sequestration and use as a raw material in innovative materials approach

Frontiers | Sequestering CO2 by Mineralization into Useful Nesquehonite-Based Products | Carbon Capture, Storage, and Utilization:


Shale Gas Debate-UK widget added to my pages. 
NB. CO2 sequestration and use as a raw material in innovative materials

Read more:

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Tuesday, April 12, 2016

Report: Science Ecosystem 2.0: how will change occur? | Connected Researchers

Science Ecosystem 2.0: how will change occur?: "Report: Science Ecosystem 2.0: how will change occur?"

AND much more to explore such as  Web Tools for writing and publishing research with assitance with referencing, specialised web search tools improved collaboration and free peer reviewing, Increase  the visability of your work etc so please do not hesitate to check out:


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Monday, April 11, 2016

National Academy of Inventors | MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering

National Academy of Inventors

saved as draft December 15, 2015. Appologies for my timidity in bringing this to readers attention.. Not the stuff of a true inventor you may think The following nomination of Professor Angela Belcher as a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI). is simply an excuse to pay tribute to invention & inventors so much needed in economies of all ages.Perhaps there are ideas to be found in this nomination and the Institution which highlights such achievements.
"Election to NAI Fellow status is a high professional distinction accorded to academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development, and the welfare of society.
The 168 named today bring the total number of NAI Fellows to 582, representing more than 190 prestigious research universities and governmental and non-profit research institutions. The 2015 Fellows account for more than 5,300 issued U.S. patents, bringing the collective patents held by all NAI Fellows to more than 20,000. These academic luminaries have made a significant impact to the economy through innovative discoveries, creating startup companies, and enhancing the culture of academic invention.
Included among all NAI Fellows are more than 80 presidents and senior leaders of research universities and non-profit research institutes, 310 members of the other National Academies (NAS, NAE, NAM), 27 inductees of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, 32 recipients of the U.S. National Medal of Technology and Innovation and U.S. National Medal of Science, 27 Nobel Laureates, 14 Lemelson-MIT prize recipients, 170 AAAS Fellows, and 98 IEEE Fellows, among other awards and distinctions. 
The NAI Fellows will be inducted on April 15, 2016, as part of the Fifth Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in Alexandria, Va. USPTO Commissioner for Patents Andrew Hirshfeld will provide the keynote address for the induction ceremony. Fellows will be presented with a special trophy, medal, and rosette pin in honor of their outstanding accomplishments.
The 2015 NAI Fellows will be recognized with a full page announcement in The Chronicle of Higher Education Jan. 22, 2016 issue, and in upcoming issues of Inventors Digest and Technology and Innovation.
The academic inventors and innovators elected to the rank of NAI Fellow are named inventors on U.S. patents and were nominated by their peers for outstanding contributions to innovation in areas such as patents and licensing, innovative discovery and technology, significant impact on society, and support and enhancement of innovation.
The 2015 NAI Fellows Selection Committee included 17 members, comprising NAI Fellows, recipients of U.S. National Medals, National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees, members of the National Academies and senior officials from the USPTO, Association of American Universities, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Association of University Technology Managers, and National Inventors Hall of Fame."

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National Academy of Inventors | MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering:

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Friday, April 08, 2016

Concord Supersonic sucessor and the hindersome sonic boom explained if not overcome. YET? The Economist

 "Supersonic air travel"

Quieting the sonic boom could help bring back supersonic flight

"Concorde was grounded 2003.If supersonic flight is ever in  to return, the noise it makes must be toned down. NASA is working on a small single-engined jet, which engineers think will reduce a sonic boom to a soft, faraway thump. Whether such aircraft will be built is a different matter. Technology makes it possible, but the business case is trickier. Small supersonic executive jets might be first into the air,writes the Economist's innovation editor. "

A shocking amount of noiseA sonic boom is formed when an aircraft travels faster than the speed of sound, which is around 1,240kph (770mph, or Mach 1) at sea level. Air molecules simply can’t get out of the way fast enough and pile up at certain points on the aircraft. That creates an instantaneous change in pressure, resulting in a wave that contains a huge amount of sound energy. The first wave starts at the nose and others are created along its length. At the rear of the aircraft, a “recompression shock” is formed when the rapid pressure change switches back to normal pressure. As they radiate away, the waves tend to coalesce to form two main shock waves. This is why a supersonic jet passing overhead is often heard as a distinctive double boom.

Innovations Tweaking the design of a supersonic jet could modify the shape of these shock waves so that they produce a less sudden and intense sound (see article). NASA is working on a small experimental 

single-engined jet, which engineers believe will be able to reduce a sonic boom to something that resembles a soft thump in the distance. Among the aircraft’s features are a long triangular-shaped nose and an engine inlet blended into the upper wing (pictured). These are designed to smooth out the shock waves. The aircraft will also fly a little slower than Concorde, which cruised at Mach 2. If all goes well, the American aerospace agency hopes to begin trial flights around 2019 to see if the “low boom” this test aircraft is supposed to create is acceptable to the public. If it is, then its noise “signature” might become a certification standard for future supersonic passenger aircraft.

Whether such aircraft will be built is a different matter. Modern aerospace technology certainly makes it possible, but the business case is trickier. This is why some think small supersonic executive jets might be first into the air. A number of groups are planning them, including Aerion, a company based in Nevada, which is developing a Mach 1.5 executive jet called the AS2. The plan is to have a prototype ready for test flights in 2019. Supersonic airliners with 100 or more seats would be commercially more risky. But if the suits flying in executive supersonic jets prove there is demand for a journey time of six hours to just about anywhere in the world, then someone might build one.

My comment:

Well in the short term Cop21 web conference will have to do-Not quite the Supersonic Aircraft design, stuff of dreams, as was Concord the most beautiful aircraft ever designed and a true tribute to engineering.

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Ultrathin Photovoltaics Produced at MIT story brought by IHS Engineering360

MIT researchers place a lightweight solar cell on top of a soap bubble. Image source: Joel Jean and Anna Osherov.

Incredible Technological feat from MIT!

Ultrathin Photovoltaics Produced at MIT | IHS Engineering360

"Researchers at MIT have now demonstrated the thinnest, lightest solar cells ever produced. Though it may take years to develop into a commercial product, the laboratory proof-of-concept shows a new approach to making solar cells that could help power the next generation of portable electronic devices.

The new process is described in a paper by MIT professor Vladimir Bulović, research scientist Annie Wang, and doctoral student Joel Jean, in the journal Organic Electronics.
Bulović, MIT’s associate dean for innovation and the Fariborz Maseeh (1990) Professor of Emerging Technology, says the key to the new approach is to make the solar cell, the substrate that supports it, and a protective overcoating to shield it from the environment, all in one process. The substrate is made in place and never needs to be handled, cleaned, or removed from the vacuum during fabrication, thus minimizing exposure to dust or other contaminants that could degrade the cell’s performance.
“The innovative step is the realization that you can grow the substrate at the same time as you grow the device,” Bulović says.
In this initial proof-of-concept experiment, the team used a common flexible polymer called parylene as both the substrate and the overcoating, and an organic material called DBP as the primary light-absorbing layer. Parylene is a commercially available plastic coating used widely to protect implanted biomedical devices and printed circuit boards from environmental damage. The entire process takes place in a vacuum chamber at room temperature and without the use of any solvents, unlike conventional solar-cell manufacturing, which requires high temperatures and harsh chemicals. In this case, both the substrate and the solar cell are “grown” using established vapor deposition techniques.""
REF: February 25, 2016